Pledges And Targets
Paris Agreement targets
Ethiopia intends to limit its GHG emissions in 2030 to no more than 145 MtCO2e including land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) (185 MtCO2e excluding LULUCF). Compared to a business as usual (BAU) trajectory, limiting emissions to that level equates to a reduction of at least 64% (40% excluding LULUCF). Ethiopia has committed to becoming carbon neutral; however, its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) does not specify a target year for the attainment of that goal.
The full implementation of its NDC is conditional on receiving international support. Ethiopia intends to sell international carbon credits. The NDC does not specify the extent of support needed, nor the amount of carbon credits to be sold; however, Ethiopia estimates that it will cost more than USD 150 billion in 2030 to implement its NDC. Ethiopia intends to update its NDC in 2020.
Under the Copenhagen Accord, Ethiopia proposed several Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the power, transport, forestry, agriculture and waste management sectors (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2010). Limited information is available on the status of implementation of the NAMAs (UNFCCC, 2019).
Long term goal(s)
Ethiopia intends to become carbon neutral (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2015). Ethiopia is in the process of developing a long-term strategy under the 2050 Pathways Platform, an initiative that supports countries develop long term net zero pathways (2050 Pathways Platform, 2019).