Kazakhstan’s target to reduce emissions by -15% relative to 1990 (instead of relative to 1992 a was the case until May 2012) by 2020 is rated Inadequate, even if below reference.
Kazakhstan has proposed an amendment to Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol for the first commitment period which is 0% below 1992 emissions for (2008-2012). For 2020, Kazakhstan proposed to reduce emissions to 15% below 1990. Kazakhstan has also proposed a 2050 target of 25% based on 1992 levels.
In November 2012, Kazakhstan submitted a provisional QELRO level of 90 for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. This means that Kazakhstan’s average yearly emissions during the period of 2013-2020 are proposed to be 90% of 1990 levels. Kazakhstan’s intention to undertake this QELRO is conditional to carry-over of full surplus from the first commitment period, environmental integrity of the Kyoto Protocol, access to mechanisms for both periods and on a mid-term 2013-2015 review to increase the level of ambition in terms of emissions reductions among others. It also requires the 2015 agreement to include participation of all Parties with adequate commitments.
Date of pledge
November 2012. Original pledge from October 2009
Kazakhstan (2012) Information by Parties included in Annex I listed in annex 1 to decision 1/CMP.7 on their quantified emission limitation or reduction objectives for the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol
Kazakhstan (2012) Submission to the Ad-Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP): Information by Parties included in Annex I listed in annex 1 to decision 1/CMP.7 on their quantified emission limitation or reduction objectives for the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, 2 May 2012
UNFCCC (2010) Compilation of pledges for emission reductions and related assumptions provided by Parties to date the associated emission reductions, page 11-12.
Kazakhstan's pledge to the Copenhagen Accord
Targets for 2020 were calculated from the most recent national inventory submissions (2012).
We calculated Kazakhstan’s LULUCF accounting quantities in 2020 for afforestation, reforestation and deforestation using the current Kyoto rules. Forest management was calculated also with current Kyoto rules, with the cap set at 3% of baseyear or 15% of forest management, whichever is lower.