Singapore is rated Medium. It pledged to reduce its emissions by 7-11% (unilateral) or 16% (conditional to international agreement) below BAU. However, Singapore projected its emissions to grow much faster than historic trends. It also did not address emissions from international transport, which are nearly twice as high as the rest of its emissions.
Singapore announced to reduce its emissions by 7-11% below BAU emissions in 2020 unilaterally and, in case of a binding international agreement, by 16% below BAU. The 7-11% reduction will be "domestically funded and unilaterally implemented". The 16% pledge is conditional to a legally binding international agreement. The national climate change strategy (NCCS) includes several unconditional targets, e.g. 35% reduction in energy intensity (consumption per dollar GDP) from 2005 levels, which would lead to the above mentioned national emission reductions of 7% to 11% below BAU by 2020.
Submitted under the Copenhagen Accord and acknowledged under the Cancun Agreements
Date of pledge
January 2010, update April 2011
Singapore's pledge to the Copenhagen Accord
Information from workshop on nationally appropriate mitigation actions submitted by developing country Parties, underlying assumptions, and any support needed for implementation of these actions, as requested by decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 51, held on 4 April 2011 in Bangkok
Dr Amy Khor Lean Suan, Senior Parliamentary Secretary for the Environment and Water Resources, 2010
Speech of Environment Minister Yaacob Ibrahim to parliament, 2009
Ministry of the Environment of Singapore, 2000, Singapore's Initial National Communication
Singapore Government, 2008, National Climate Change Strategy
Singapore provided a national greenhouse gas inventory for 1994 and emission projections for 2020. We assumed LULUCF emissions to be 0 over all years. We excluded emissions from international transport when calculating the comparability range. Emissions from international transport are nearly twice as high as the rest of Singapore's emissions. If we included international transport in the calculation of the comparability range, Singapore would be rated Medium to Insufficient.