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Bhutan is at present - and aims to remain - carbon neutral, building upon a commitment already made in 2010, a situation which led the CAT to rate Bhutan’s Paris Agreement pledge as “2°C compatible,” despite it technically falling into the “Insufficient” rating.
However, with an increasingly lenient outlook on vehicle imports, Bhutan’s transport sector is likely to become a major source of emissions, risking a breakdown of its present carbon neutrality.
In addition as Bhutan prepares to graduate from Least Developed Country status, we anticipate increased emissions from the energy and industry sectors. Recognising the importance of energy efficiency in enhancing economic benefits, energy security and independence, Bhutan’s Draft Energy Efficiency Roadmap identified measures in building, appliance and industry sectors at national, household and industrial levels, that if fully implemented, would reduce emissions down to 5.7 MtCO2e in 2030. (See current policies section).
In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Bhutan aims to remain carbon neutral, building upon a commitment already made in 2010 (Royal Government of Bhutan, 2010). This means that Bhutan aims to maintain GHG emissions below the country’s total carbon sink from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). See pledge section.
The government called for international support for remaining carbon neutral without specifying actual needs, but has not made its target conditional on it. This is a departure from the approach adopted by many other developing countries.
Without assessing the LULUCF sector, the CAT rating of Bhutan’s NDC would be “Insufficient.” But, as it has already reached a target that the Paris Agreement requires (globally) only for the second half of the century, we decided to upgrade Bhutan to “2°C compatible,” despite its NDC technically falling into the “Insufficient” rating.