Under the Paris Agreement, governments have committed to limiting temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. Achieving this objective will require global greenhouse gas emissions to peak by 2020, reduce by 45% below 2010 levels by 2030 and be reduced to net zero around 2070, with carbon emissions reaching net zero around mid-century, with negative emissions thereafter.
Governments in all countries play a critical role in enabling this transformation, which involves action from all aspects of society and the economy.
The Climate Action Tracker (CAT) tracks the progress of countries towards achieving the climate targets they have set for themselves under the Paris Agreement and what the combined effect of these commitments and policies mean for global temperature levels at the end of this century.
In this series, the CAT expands on its country analysis to evaluate the ability and readiness of national governments to enable the required economy-wide transformation towards a zero emissions society.
Assessing Climate Governance
Our assessment analyses four aspects of governance covering key enabling factors for effective climate action:
- the political commitment of the government to decarbonisation,
- the institutional framework it has put in place to achieve its emission reduction targets,
- the processes it has established to develop, implement and review mitigation policies, and
- its ability and willingness to engage with relevant stakeholders on policy development.
The Climate Governance Series seeks to offer a standardised and replicable approach to assessing a government’s ability and readiness to achieve the required transformation, highlighting positive developments and areas for improvement.
Notwithstanding the desire for standardisation, our framework is a living document and we occasionally revise the number of make-up of our indicators. For complete details, see our methodology page.
In 2019, we analysed Argentina, Australia, Indonesia, Kenya, the Philippines and South Africa. In 2020, we updated our analysis of Kenya and South Africa, and added Ethiopia to the Series. In 2021, we will continue to expand our governance analysis coverage. Ghana is our first 2021 assessment, with more countries to come later this year.