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Swiss climate policy needs more action: with its currently implemented policies it falls short of even meeting its domestic 2030 target of a 30% reduction below 1990 levels suggested by the government (‘Bundresrat’ or Federal Council), let alone the overall 50% reduction below 1990 levels by 2030 set out in its NDC.
Planned policies to be debated in the Swiss Parliament this year aim at a continuation and strengthening of existing policies and would achieve a 2030 target of a 35% reduction below 1990 levels.
The transportation sector will especially need increased policy attention to meet the commitment made in the Paris Agreement. While considered a frontrunner for its investment and recognition of the opportunities from modal shift to trains, Switzerland is lacking a comprehensive road transport decarbonisation vision. Switzerland could usefully follow other countries in phasing-out of fossil fuel cars in new car sales within the next 10–20 years and implement policy steps to step up the transition towards a decarbonised economy.
Overall, we rate both Switzerland’s currently implemented climate policies as well its NDC, which stipulates a 50% reduction in emissions below 1990 levels by 2030, “Insufficient,” meaning that Switzerland’s climate plans are not consistent with holding warming to below 2°C, let alone limiting it to 1.5°C as required under the Paris Agreement, and are instead consistent with warming between 2°C and 3°C.
Switzerland communicated an indicative emissions reduction target of 35% for 2025 below 1990 levels. Previously, Switzerland had made an unconditional commitment under the Copenhagen Accord to decrease emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020.