Saudi Arabia

Overall rating
Highly insufficient
Policies & action
Insufficient
< 3°C World
Domestic target
Highly insufficient
< 4°C World
Fair share target
Critically insufficient
4°C+ World
Climate finance
Not assessed
Net zero target

year

2060

Comprehensiveness not rated as

Information incomplete
Land use & forestry
Not significant

References

  • Al-Ghabban, A. (2013). Saudi Arabia’s Renewable Energy Strategy and Solar Energy Deployment Roadmap, King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy. 60. https://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/masdar/Abdulrahman Al Ghabban Presentation.pdf
  • Alsweilem, A. K. (2015). A Stable and Efficient Fiscal Framework for Saudi Arabia : The Role of Sovereign Funds in Decoupling Spending from Oil Revenue and Creating a Permanent Source of Income. http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/Saudi.pdf
  • Arab News. (2021, January 30). Riyadh Commission to launch metro in Q3 2021: CEO | Arab News. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1800841/business-economy
  • Barbuscia, D. (2019, February 11). Saudi Arabia would need oil at $80-$85 a barrel to balance budget: IMF official. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-economy-imf/saudi-arabia-would-need-oil-at-80-85-a-barrel-to-balance-budget-imf-official-idUSKCN1Q01N0
  • Bloomberg. (2017). Saudi Arabia to Revive its Solar Power Program at Smaller Scale. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-05-25/saudi-arabia-to-revive-its-solar-power-program-at-smaller-scale
  • Borgmann. (2016). Potentially Game-Changing Saudi Arabian Government Restructuring Bolsters 9.5 GW Renewable Energy Target by 2023. http://www.apricum-group.com/saudi-arabia-announces-9-5-gw-renewable-energy-target-new-king-salman-renewable-energy-initiative/
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  • Independent. (2021). ‘Around 12 million’ trees planted in Saudi Arabia in last 18 months | Saudi Green Initiative | Independent TV. https://www.independent.co.uk/tv/saudi-green-initiative/trees-saudi-arabia-green-ecosystem-v50762057
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  • KPMG. (2020). Saudi Arabia Budget Report 2021: A review of the Saudi Arabia 2021 budget in the context of recent economic developments. https://assets.kpmg/content/dam/kpmg/sa/pdf/2020/kpmg-saudi-arabia-budget-report-2021.pdf
  • Luomi, M., Yılmaz, F., Alshehri, T., & Howarth, N. (2021). The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework. https://www.kapsarc.org/research/publications/the-circular-carbon-economy-index-methodological-approach-and-conceptual-framework/
  • ME Utilities. (2020). Saudi Arabia, Jordan sign agreement for 164 km power interconnection project. Middle East Utilities. https://www.utilities-me.com/news/15852-saudi-arabia-jordan-sign-agreement-for-164-km-power-interconnection-project
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  • Saudi Gazette. (2020a, July 1). Riyadh public bus transport project starts operation later this year. Saudi Gazette. https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/594952/SAUDI-ARABIA/Riyadh-public-bus-transport-project-starts-operation-later-this-year
  • Saudi Gazette. (2020b, July 7). Riyadh Metro to open partially by end of year. Saudi Gazette. https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/595199/SAUDI-ARABIA/Riyadh-Metro-to-open-partially-by-end-of-year
  • Saudi Gazette. (2021, September 8). Lucid to start manufacturing electric cars in Saudi Arabia in 2024 - Saudi Gazette. https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/610722
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  • SPA. (2020, May 11). GAZT: VAT of 15% Goes into Effect in July, 2020. Saudi Press Agency. https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2085204
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  • World Bank. (2021). World Bank Open Data. https://data.worldbank.org/

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