Paris Agreement targets
Egypt ratified the Paris Agreement in 2017, turning its 2015 INDC submission into its first NDC (Government of Egypt, 2017). The NDC does not have an overall emissions reduction target, nor does it have sector-specific, quantitative targets.
The NDC describes low-carbon energy systems as the foundation of Egypt’s mitigation efforts and lists five main pillars of sustainable development:
- Energy efficiency, particularly by end-users
- Renewable energy in the power sector
- More efficient fossil fuel solutions and nuclear power generation
- Decoupling energy demand and economic growth by better energy efficiency
- Energy subsidy reform
However, besides outlining these pillars, the NDC only makes vague references to their implementation.
As Egypt’s NDC does not have a quantifiable mitigation target, we have not rated Egypt’s climate targets.
In order to receive a 1.5°C compatible rating for its climate targets, Egypt would need to do the following:
- Submit a conditional NDC target to reduce emissions by approximately 25% by 2030 compared to today’s levels
- Submit an unconditional NDC stabilising emissions roughly at today’s levels by 2030.
Last NDC update
As of the time of this assessment, March 2022, Egypt had not submitted an updated NDC.
Net zero and other long-term target(s)
Egypt does not have a net zero target, nor had it submitted a long-term strategy (LTS) to the UNFCCC as of March 2022. The Egyptian government announced at COP26 in Glasgow that it was working on developing a 2050 National Climate Change Strategy (Ministry of Environment of Egypt, 2021).