India

Overall rating
Highly insufficient
Policies & action
Almost Sufficient
< 2°C World
Internationally supported target
Critically insufficient
4°C+ World
Fair share target
Highly insufficient
< 4°C World
Climate finance
Not applicable
Net zero target

year

2070

Comprehensiveness not rated as

Information incomplete
Land use & forestry
Not significant

Summary

We evaluate the net zero target as: Target information incomplete.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced India's net zero target to be reached by 2070 at a speech at COP26. As of 12 November 2021, the Indian government has not provided any further details on the scope, target architecture, and transparency. For example, it remains unclear whether India’s target covers all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or CO2 emissions only. India has not yet submitted a long-term strategy (LTS) to the UNFCCC as of 12 November 2021.

The CAT currently does not evaluate India’s net zero target given the preliminary nature and a lack of more detailed information. The CAT will do so once further information will be communicated by the government.

India
Comprehensiveness of net zero target design
Target information incomplete
Scope
Target year: 2070
Emissions coverage

No information on the target’s emission coverage

International aviation and shipping

No information on the target’s intention to cover international aviation and shipping

Reductions or removals outside of own borders

Provides no information on intention to use international offset credits to meet net zero

Architecture
Legal Status

Net zero target announced

Separate reduction & removal targets

No information on intention to separate emission reduction and removal targets

Review Process

Country provides no information on its intention to establish a review cycle for its net zero and intermediate targets (note: this option applies to countries that have only announced a target, with no accompanying law / policy)

Transparency
Carbon dioxide removal

No information on intention to communicate transparent assumptions on carbon dioxide removals

Comprehensive planning

Country provides no information on anticipated pathways or measures

Clarity on fairness of target

Country provides no information on its intention to explain the target’s fairness.

Scope

  • Target year – India aims to reach net zero by 2070.
  • Emissions coverage – In his announcement at COP26, Prime Minister Modi referred to “achiev[ing] the target of net zero” without specifying whether this covers all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or CO2 emissions only. The CAT current assumes the net zero target covers all GHG emissions but might update this assumption once more information will be released by the Government of India over time.
  • International aviation and shipping – India provides no information on its intention to cover international aviation and shipping.
  • Reductions or removals outside of own borders – India provides no information on its intention to use international offset credits to meet its net zero target.

Target architecture

  • Legal status – Prime Minister Modi announced India's net zero target at a speech at COP26. India has not yet submitted a long-term strategy (LTS) to the UNFCCC as of 12 November 2021.
  • Separate reduction & removal targets – India provides no information on its intention to communicate separate emission reduction and removal targets.
  • Review process – India provides no information on its intention to establish a review cycle for its net zero and intermediate targets.

Transparency

  • Carbon dioxide removal – India provides no information on its intention to communicate transparent assumptions on carbon dioxide removals.
  • Comprehensive planning – India has not yet communicated a comprehensive plan on how it intends to achieve its net zero target including underlying governmental analysis identifying emission reduction pathways, measures for reaching net zero, and sector-level (interim) targets.
  • Clarity on fairness of target – India provides no information on the fairness of this target.

Good practice

The Climate Action Tracker has defined the following good practice for all ten key elements of net zero targets. Countries can refer to this good practice to design or enhance their net zero targets.

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