International Aviation

Critically Insufficient4°C+
World
Highly insufficient< 4°C
World
Insufficient< 3°C
World
2°C Compatible< 2°C
World
1.5°C Paris Agreement Compatible< 1.5°C
World
Role model<< 1.5°C
World

List of references

  • Brazil (2019) ‘Statement of the Permanent Delegation of Brazil to the International Civil Aviation Organization. Verbal Note No.: 2019-082 / BRASICAO’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/Meetings/a40/Documents/Resolutions/Brazil_EN.pdf.
  • Burkhardt, U., Bock, L. and Bier, A. (2018) ‘Mitigating the contrail cirrus climate impact by reducing aircraft soot number emissions’, Climate and Atmospheric Science. Springer US, pp. 1–37. doi: 10.1038/s41612-018-0046-4.
  • CE Delft (2019) Taxes in the Field of Aviation and their impact - Final report. doi: 10.2832/913591.
  • China (2019) ‘Statement of the Chinese Delegation on the “Consolidated Statement of Continuing ICAO Policies and Practices Related to Environmental Protection - Climate Change” and the ’Consolidated Statement of Continuing ICAO Policies and Practices Related to Related to Environmental Protection - Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/Meetings/a40/Documents/Resolutions/china_EN.pdf.
  • Council of the European Union (2020) ‘Aviation emissions: EU adopts its position on adjusted CORSIA baseline to take account of the consequences of COVID-19 pandemic’. Brussels, Belgium. Available at: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/06/09/aviation-emissions-eu-adopts-its-position-on-adjusted-corsia-baseline-to-take-account-of-the-consequences-of-covid-19-pandemic/.
  • Ecosystem Marketplace (2020) Carbon markets are well-positioned to meet CORSIA demand projections. Available at: https://www.forest-trends.org/pressroom/ecosystem-marketplace-forecasts-ample-supply-of-corsia-carbon-credits-if-icao-council-limits-eligibility-to-post-2016-offsets/.
  • EDF (2019) ICAO’s market-based measure. Available at: https://www.edf.org/climate/icaos-market-based-measure.
  • Energy Transitions Commission (2019) Mission Possible -Reaching net-zero carbon emissions from harder-to-abate sectors by mid century. Sectoral focus: aviation. Available at: http://www.energy-transitions.org/sites/default/files/ETC sectoral focus - Aviation_final.pdf.
  • Faber, J. and Huigen, T. (2018) A study on aviation ticket taxes. CE Delft. Available at: www.cedelft.eu.
  • Fearnehough, H. et al. (2019) Offset Credit Supply for CORSIA. German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). Available at: https://newclimate.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Offset-credit-supply-potential-for-CORSIA.pdf.
  • Feuvre, P. Le (2019) Are aviation biofuels ready for take-off?, IEA. Available at: https://www.iea.org/commentaries/are-aviation-biofuels-ready-for-take-off.
  • Forest Trends’ Ecosystem Marketplace (2019) Financing Emissions Reductions for the Future: State of Voluntary Carbon Markets 2019. Washington. Available at: https://www.forest-trends.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/SOVCM2019.pdf.
  • Graver, B., Zhang, K. and Rutherford, D. (2019) CO2 emissions from commercial aviation, 2018. 2019–16. Available at: https://theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/ICCT_CO2-commercl-aviation-2018_20190918.pdf.
  • Grewe, V. et al. (2017) ‘Feasibility of climate-optimized air traffic routing for trans-Atlantic flights’, Environmental Researd Letters, 12, p. 034003. Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aa5ba0/meta.
  • Hall, D., Pavlenko, N. and Lutsey, N. (2018) Beyond road vehicles: Survey of zero-emission technology options across the transport sector, The International Council on Clean Transportation. 11. Available at: https://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/Beyond_Road_ZEV_Working_Paper_20180718.pdf.
  • IATA (2020a) Carbon Offsetting Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) - COVID-19. Available at: https://www.iata.org/en/policy/environment/corsia/.
  • IATA (2020b) COVID-19 Puts Over Half of 2020 Passenger Revenues at Risk. Available at: https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-04-14-01/.
  • IATA (2020c) Don’t Make A Slow Recovery More Difficult with Quarantine Measures. Available at: https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-05-13-03/.
  • ICAO (2013a) Assembly Resolutions in Force. Doc 10022. Montreal. Available at: https://www.icao.int/Meetings/GLADs-2015/Documents/A38-18.pdf.
  • ICAO (2013b) Destination Green. Environmental Report 2013. Montreal. Available at: https://cfapp.icao.int/Environmental-Report-2013/files/assets/basic-html/index.html#1.
  • ICAO (2018) Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. Environmental Protection. Volume IV, Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).
  • ICAO (2019a) ‘CORSIA Sustainability Criteria for CORSIA Eligible Fuels’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Documents/ICAO document 05 - Sustainability Criteria.pdf.
  • ICAO (2019b) Destination Green: The Next Chapter - 2019 Environmental Report. Montreal. Available at: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/Documents/ICAO-ENV-Report2019-F1-WEB (1).pdf.
  • ICAO (2020a) CORSIA States for Chapter 3 State Pairs - Updated information on the States that intend to voluntarily participate in CORSIA from its outset. Available at: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/state-pairs.aspx (Accessed: 9 December 2019).
  • ICAO (2020b) Effects of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Civil Aviation: Economic Impact Analysis (8 June 2020). Available at: https://www.icao.int/sustainability/Documents/COVID-19/ICAO_Coronavirus_Econ_Impact.pdf.
  • ICAO (2020c) ICAO - History. Available at: https://www.icao.int/secretariat/technicalcooperation/pages/history.aspx.
  • ICAO (2020d) ‘International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). Program Application Form, Appendix A’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/TAB.aspx.
  • ICAO Assembly (2016) Resolution A39-3: Consolidated statement of continuing ICAO policies and practices related to environmental protection – Global Market-based Measure (MBM) scheme. Available at: https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/Documents/Resolution_A39_3.pdf.
  • IEA (2019) CO2 Emissions Statistics. Available at: https://www.iea.org/statistics/co2emissions/.
  • India (2019) ‘Declaration of Reservation of the Republic of India in relation to Resolution A40-19: Consolidated Statement of Continuing ICAO Policies and Practices Related to Environmental Protection - Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/Meetings/a40/Documents/Resolutions/India_EN.pdf.
  • IPCC (2007) Mitigation of climate change: Contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/03/ar4_wg3_full_report-1.pdf.
  • IPCC (2018) IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C. Available at: http://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/.
  • Kharina, A., Rutherford, D. and Zeinali, M. (2016) Cost assessment of near and mid-term technologies to improve new aircraft fuel efficiency. Washington DC, USA: International Council on Clean Transportation. Available at: http://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/ICCT aircraft fuel efficiency cost assessment_final_09272016.pdf.
  • Larsson, J. et al. (2019) ‘International and national climate policies for aviation: a review’, Climate Policy. Taylor & Francis, 19(6), pp. 787–799. doi: 10.1080/14693062.2018.1562871.
  • Malins, C. (2019) Understanding the indirect land use change analysis for CORSIA. Available at: https://www.transportenvironment.org/sites/te/files/publications/2019_12_Cerulogy_ILUC-in-CORSIA.pdf.
  • Mendes de Leon, P. et al. (2015) Possible legal arrangements to implement a global market based measure for international aviation emissions. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/clima/sites/clima/files/transport/aviation/docs/gmbm_legal_study_en.pdf.
  • Napp, T. A. et al. (2019) ‘The role of advanced demand-sector technologies and energy demand reduction in achieving ambitious carbon budgets’, Applied Energy, 238(December 2018), pp. 351–367. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.01.033.
  • National Academies of Sciences Engineering and Medicine (2016) Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research: Reducing Global Carbon Emissions. Washington D.C: The National Academies Press. Available at: https://www.nap.edu/catalog/23490/commercial-aircraft-propulsion-and-energy-systems-research-reducing-global-carbon.
  • Netherlands et al. (2019) ‘Joint statement on EU coordination for aviation pricing by the Ministers of Finance - 7 November 2019’. Available at: https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/publicaties/2019/11/07/political-statement-joint-statement-on-eu-coordination-for-aviation-pricing-by-the-ministers-of-finance-–-7-november-2019/Joint+statement+on+EU+coordination+for+aviation.
  • Owen, B., Lee, D. S. and Lim, L. (2010) ‘Flying into the Future: Aviation Emissions Scenarios to 2050’, Environmental Science & Technology, 44, pp. 2255–2260. doi: 10.1021/es902530z.
  • Russia (2019) ‘Statement: The Russian Federation’s Reservations on the Text of Resolutions: “16/1. Consolidated Statement of Continuing ICAO Policies and Practices Related to Environmental Protection - Climate Change” and ’17/1. Consolidated Statement of Continuing ICAO’. Available at: https://www.icao.int/Meetings/a40/Documents/Resolutions/russia_EN.pdf.
  • Rutherford, D. (2020) Standards to promote airline fuel efficiency. Available at: https://theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/Airline-fuel-efficiency-standard-2020.pdf.
  • Scheelhaase, J., Maertens, S. and Grimme, W. (2019) ‘Synthetic fuels in aviation – Current barriers potential political measures’, Transportation Research Procedia. Elsevier B.V., 43, pp. 21–30. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2019.12.015.
  • Schneider, L. et al. (2019) ‘Lessons learned from the first round of applications by carbon-offsetting programs for eligibility under CORSIA’. Öko-Institut e.V. Available at: https://www.oeko.de/fileadmin/oekodoc/Lessons-learned-from-CORSIA-applications.pdf.
  • Schneider, L. and Graichen, J. (2020) Should CORSIA be changed due to the COVID-19 crisis? Öko Institut. Available at: https://www.oeko.de/fileadmin/oekodoc/Should-CORSIA-be-changed-due-to-the-COVID-19-crisis.pdf.
  • Searle, S. et al. (2019) Long-term aviation fuel decarbonization: Progress, roadblocks, and policy opportunities. Washington D.C: ICCT. Available at: https://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/.
  • Yanguas Parra, P. A. et al. (2019) Global and regional coal phase-out requirements of the Paris Agreement: Insights from the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C. Available at: https://climateanalytics.org/media/report_coal_phase_out_2019.pdf.

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