The Gambia

Critically Insufficient4°C+
World
NDCs with this rating fall well outside of a country’s “fair share” range and are not at all consistent with holding warming to below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government NDCs were in this range, warming would exceed 4°C. For sectors, the rating indicates that the target is consistent with warming of greater than 4°C if all other sectors were to follow the same approach.
Highly insufficient< 4°C
World
NDCs with this rating fall outside of a country’s “fair share” range and are not at all consistent with holding warming to below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government NDCs were in this range, warming would reach between 3°C and 4°C. For sectors, the rating indicates that the target is consistent with warming between 3°C and 4°C if all other sectors were to follow the same approach.
Insufficient< 3°C
World
NDCs with this rating are in the least stringent part of a country’s “fair share” range and not consistent with holding warming below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government NDCs were in this range, warming would reach over 2°C and up to 3°C. For sectors, the rating indicates that the target is consistent with warming over 2°C and up to 3°C if all other sectors were to follow the same approach.
2°C Compatible< 2°C
World
NDCs with this rating are consistent with the 2009 Copenhagen 2°C goal and therefore fall within a country’s “fair share” range, but are not fully consistent with the Paris Agreement long term temperature goal. If all government NDCs were in this range, warming could be held below, but not well below, 2°C and still be too high to be consistent with the Paris Agreement 1.5°C limit. For sectors, the rating indicates that the target is consistent with holding warming below, but not well below, 2°C if all other sectors were to follow the same approach.
1.5°C Paris Agreement Compatible< 1.5°C
World
This rating indicates that a government’s NDCs in the most stringent part of its “fair share” range: it is consistent with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit. For sectors, the rating indicates that the target is consistent with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit.
Role model<< 1.5°C
World
This rating indicates that a government’s NDC is more ambitious than what is considered a “fair” contribution: it is more than consistent with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit. No “role model” rating has been developed for the sectors.

Historical emissions

The Gambia’s historical emissions are based on the Third National Communication (Government of The Gambia 2020), as it is the most recent governmental source available. We have extended this series from 2011-2017 using PRIMAP data based on country reporting (Gütschow et al. 2019).

NDC and other targets

NDC target values are calculated based on the conditional and unconditional mitigation actions and their estimated impact in The Gambia’s NDC (Government of The Gambia 2016). Further details can be found in the NDC section.

Current policy projections

The lower bound of our pre-COVID-19 current policy projection is based on a combination of the Stated Policies Scenario from IEA’s Africa Energy Outlook 2019 for CO2 emissions from fuel combustion and non-CO2 emissions from the US EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 2019). Neither the IEA Africa Energy Outlook 2019 nor its annexes specify which of the policies have been included in the stated policies scenario. For non-energy CO2, we assume the same share compared to energy CO2 as in the last available data (2010) from the Third National Communication.

The upper-bound of our pre-COVID-19 current policy projection assumes that GHG emissions will grow according to the trend of the business as usual (BAU) projections provided in The Gambia’s NDC. We have harmonised the series to the last historical year (2017). From that series we have subtracted the emissions reductions related to renewable energy mentioned in the unconditional part of the NDC from 2021 onwards. Conditionally proposed measures have not been accounted for in the current policy projections due to remaining uncertainty about their implementation conditional on international financial support. We did not quantify the proposed energy efficiency targets of National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) due to uncertainty about the action plan’s current implementation status.

COVID-19 impact

We applied a novel method to estimate the COVID-19 related dip in greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 and the deployment through to 2030. The severity and length of the pandemic creates a new level of uncertainty for current and future greenhouse gas emissions. First, we updated the current policy projections using most recent projections. We then distilled the emission intensity (GHG emissions/GDP) from this pre-pandemic scenario and applied it to the most recent GDP projections that take into account the effect of the pandemic. We use the World Economic Outlook (IMF 2020), the African Economic Outlook (AFDB 2020) as well as an estimate given by the President in the State of the Nation Address in September 2020 (Darboe 2020) for these post-pandemic estimates. As these GDP estimates only covered the next few years, we completed the series using the growth estimates from The Gambia’s NDC (Government of The Gambia 2016).

Global Warming Potential values

The CAT uses Global Warming Potential (GWP) values from the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) for all its figures and time series. Assessments completed prior to December 2018 (COP24) used GWP values from the Second Assessment Report (SAR).

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