The Gambia

Overall rating
Almost Sufficient
Policies & action
1.5°C Paris Agreement compatible
< 1.5°C World
Internationally supported target
Almost Sufficient
< 2°C World
Fair share target
1.5°C Paris Agreement compatible
< 1.5°C World
Climate finance
Not applicable
Net zero target

year

2050

Comprehensiveness rated as

Poor
Land use & forestry

historically considered both a

Source & Sink

Summary

We evaluate the net zero target as: Poor

In its 2050 Climate Vision, The Gambia outlines its goal of achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, and this target is reiterated in its updated NDC (Republic of The Gambia, 2021b). The Vision is intended to underpin the country’s forthcoming Long-Term Strategy (LTS) for Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Resilient Development.

Though The Gambia states its intention of reaching net zero by 2050 in its 2050 Climate Vision, the document does not reflect the new targets proposed in The Gambia’s updated 2021 NDC but rather the targets provided in The Gambia’s 2016 NDC (Republic of The Gambia, 2016, 2021a, 2021b). The Gambia’s net zero target does not cover all sectors, nor all GHG emissions.

The Gambia
Comprehensiveness of net zero target design
Poor
Scope
Target year: 2050
Emissions coverage

Target covers emissions / sectors partially (under 95% coverage)

International aviation and shipping

The target excludes both international aviation and shipping

Reductions or removals outside of own borders

Relies on international offset credits or reserves right to use them to meet net zero

Architecture
Legal Status

Net zero target in proposed legislation or in a policy document

Separate reduction & removal targets

Separate emission reduction and removal targets

Review Process

Non-legally binding process to review net zero target OR In process of establishing a review cycle for net zero

Transparency
Carbon dioxide removal

Transparent assumptions or pathways only for removals or only for LULUCF

Comprehensive planning

Some information on the anticipated pathway or measures for achieving net zero is available, but with limited detail.

Clarity on fairness of target

Clear statement in government document on why target is fair

Scope

  • Target year – The Gambia aims to reach net zero by 2050.
  • Emissions coverage – The Gambia does not specify which gases are covered by its net zero target. We assume the target covers CO2 emissions only due to the reference made to “carbon" in the 2050 Climate Vision. The document covers all sectors of the economy excluding IPPU.
  • International aviation and shipping – The Gambia provides no information on its intention to cover international aviation and shipping.
  • Reductions or removals outside of own borders – The Gambia provides no information on its intention to use international offset credits to meet its net zero target.

Target architecture

  • Legal status – The Gambia included its net zero target in its 2050 Climate Vision and referred to it in its NDC update (Republic of The Gambia, 2021b).
  • Separate reduction & removal targets – The Gambia specifies separate emission reduction and removal targets. The Gambia specifies quantifiable targets for afforestation, renewable energy sources, and transportation by 2025 and 2030. However, all of these targets were listed in The Gambia’s first NDC and do not reflect the targets provided in The Gambia’s updated 2021 NDC.
  • Review process – The Gambia is in the process of establishing a review cycle for its net zero target itself.

Transparency

  • Carbon dioxide removal – The Gambia provides transparent assumptions only for LULUCF in 2025, 2030 and in the net zero target year.
  • Comprehensive planning – The Gambia is working on a forthcoming LTS, which will detail the implementation strategy to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. The net zero goal has interim targets for 2025 and 2030.
  • Clarity on fairness of target – The Gambia’s 2050 Climate Vision explains that the target is fair since The Gambia’s contribution to climate change has always been marginal.

Good practice

The Climate Action Tracker has defined the following good practice for all ten key elements of net zero targets. Countries can refer to this good practice to design or enhance their net zero targets.

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