Ethiopia

Overall rating
Almost Sufficient
Policies & action
1.5°C Paris Agreement compatible
< 1.5°C World
Internationally supported target
Highly insufficient
< 4°C World
Fair share target
1.5°C Paris Agreement compatible
< 1.5°C World
Climate finance
Not applicable
Net zero target

year

Not specified

Comprehensiveness not rated as

Information incomplete
Land use & forestry

historically considered a

Source

Summary

We evaluate the net zero target as: Target information incomplete.

Ethiopia intends to become ‘carbon neutral’, but has not specified a target year (FDRE, 2015). Ethiopia has not submitted a Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy to the UNFCCC as of September 2022, but is in the process of developing one with support from the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI). This process will include developing business as usual and net zero emissions scenarios. In 2020, Ethiopia joined the Climate Ambition Alliance: Net zero by 2050, but it is unclear what this means for Ethiopia’s net zero ambitions.

For further information on the targets Ethiopia has adopted, see the targets tab.

Ethiopia
Comprehensiveness of net zero target design
Target information incomplete
Scope
Target year: Not specified
Emissions coverage

No information on the target’s emission coverage

International aviation and shipping

No information on the target’s intention to cover international aviation and shipping

Reductions or removals outside of own borders

Provides no information on intention to use international offset credits to meet net zero

Architecture
Legal Status

Net zero target in proposed legislation or in a policy document

Separate reduction & removal targets

No information on intention to separate emission reduction and removal targets

Review Process

Country provides no information on its intention to establish a review cycle for its net zero and intermediate targets (note: this option applies to countries that have only announced a target, with no accompanying law / policy)

Transparency
Carbon dioxide removal

No information on intention to communicate transparent assumptions on carbon dioxide removals

Comprehensive planning

Country provides no information on anticipated pathways or measures

Clarity on fairness of target

Country provides no information on its intention to explain the target’s fairness.

Ten key elements

Scope

  • Target year – Ethiopia does not specify the year it aims to reach carbon neutrality.
  • Emissions coverage – Ethiopia states its intention to become “carbon neutral” (FDRE, 2015). For this reason, the CAT currently assumes Ethiopia’s target currently only covers CO2 emissions. No detail is available on the sectoral coverage of the target.
  • International aviation and shipping –Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to cover international aviation and shipping.
  • Reductions or removals outside of own borders – Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to use international offset credits to meet its net zero target. However, Ethiopia has been a proponent of international carbon markets and has indicated its intention to engage in these markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement in its updated NDC.

Target architecture

  • Legal status – Ethiopia included its vision to become ‘carbon neutral’ in its INDC of 2015. Ethiopia has not submitted an LTS to the UNFCCC as of September 2022 and did not reference the carbon neutrality target in its 2021 updated NDC.
  • Separate reduction & removal targets – Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to communicate separate emission reduction and removal targets.
  • Review process –Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to establish a review cycle for its net zero and intermediate targets

Transparency

  • Carbon dioxide removal – Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to communicate transparent assumptions on carbon dioxide removals.
  • Comprehensive planning – Ethiopia is in the process of developing a Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy with support from GGGI, including developing business as usual and net zero emissions scenarios.
  • Clarity on fairness of target – Ethiopia provides no information on its intention to explain the target’s fairness.

Good practice

The Climate Action Tracker has defined the following good practice for all ten key elements of net zero targets. Countries can refer to this good practice to design or enhance their net zero targets.

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