Viet Nam

Critically Insufficient4°C+
World
Commitments with this rating fall well outside the fair share range and are not at all consistent with holding warming to below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government targets were in this range, warming would exceed 4°C.
Highly insufficient< 4°C
World
Commitments with this rating fall outside the fair share range and are not at all consistent with holding warming to below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government targets were in this range, warming would reach between 3°C and 4°C.
Insufficient< 3°C
World
Commitments with this rating are in the least stringent part of their fair share range and not consistent with holding warming below 2°C let alone with the Paris Agreement’s stronger 1.5°C limit. If all government targets were in this range, warming would reach over 2°C and up to 3°C.
2°C Compatible< 2°C
World
Commitments with this rating are consistent with the 2009 Copenhagen 2°C goal and therefore fall within the country’s fair share range, but are not fully consistent with the Paris Agreement. If all government targets were in this range, warming could be held below, but not well below, 2°C and still be too high to be consistent with the Paris Agreement 1.5°C limit.
1.5°C Paris Agreement Compatible< 1.5°C
World
This rating indicates that a government’s efforts are in the most stringent part of its fair share range: it is consistent with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit.
Role model<< 1.5°C
World
This rating indicates that a government’s efforts are more ambitious than what is considered a fair contribution: it is more than consistent with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C limit.

List of references

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  • APERC. 2019b. APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook – 7th Edition (Vol II). Tokyo, Japan: Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre, The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan.
  • ChinhPhu. 2016. “Press Release on Stopping the Implementation of the Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Project - High Notice of the Implementation of the Current Issue Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Plant.” Government Office Website. Retrieved November 1, 2019 http://vpcp.chinhphu.vn/Home/Thong-cao-bao-chi-ve-viec-dung-thuc-hien-Du-an-dien-hat-nhan-Ninh-Thuan/201611/20332.vgp.
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  • Climate Vulnerable Forum. 2015. “Climate Vulnerable Forum Shines with Bold Call for 100% Renewable Energy.” Retrieved December 4, 2019 (https://thecvf.org/climate-vulnerable-forum-shines-with-bold-call-for-100-renewable-energy/
  • Fujii, Akiko. 2018. “Technical Report on Review and Update of Viet Nam’s Nationally Determined Contribution.” UNDP. Retrieved November 22, 2019 https://www.vn.undp.org/content/vietnam/en/home/presscenter/speeches/2018/NDC.html
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  • IEA. 2019a. “Statistics Data Browser.” Retrieved November 2, 2019 https://www.iea.org/statistics/?country=VNM&isISO=true
  • IEA. 2019b. “Statistics Data Browser.” Retrieved November 13, 2019 https://www.iea.org//statistics/
  • MNRE. 2019. National Communication of Vietnam, The Third.
  • MOIT. 2018. Vietnam National Energy Efficiency Program 2019-2030.
  • MOIT & DEA. 2017. Vietnam Energy Outlook Report 2017.
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  • Paris Equity Check. 2019. “Pledged Warming Map.” Retrieved November 23, 2019 http://paris-equity-check.org/warming-check.html#
  • Partnership on Transparency. 2018. “Updated Vietnamese NDC under Consultation.” Retrieved November 22, 2019 https://www.transparency-partnership.net/news/updated-vietnamese-ndc-under-consultation
  • PRIMAP. n.d. NDC Factsheet.
  • US EPA. 2019a. Global Non-CO 2 Greenhouse Gas Emission Projections & Marginal Abatement Cost Analysis: Methodology Documentation Report.
  • US EPA. 2019b. Global Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emission Projections & Mitigation Potential: 2015-2050: Download the Report.
  • Vietnam Government. 2011. Law on Economical and Efficient Use of Energy.
  • Vietnam Government. 2014. The Initial Biennial Updated Report of Viet Nam to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change .
  • Vietnam Government. 2015. Technical Report. Vietnam’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.
  • Vietnam Government. 2016. Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of Viet Nam.
  • Vietnam Government. 2017a. Decision on the Approval of the Revised National Power Development Master Plan for the 2011-2020 Period with the Vision to 2030 .
  • Vietnam Government. 2017b. The Second Biennial Updated Report of Vietnam to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  • Vieweg, Marion, Hanna Fekete, Lisa Luna, Vuong Xuan Hoa, and Independent Consultant. 2017. Implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions - Country Report Viet Nam.
  • World Bank. 2019. Implementation and Results Report on a Development Policy Loan.
  • World Bank. 2019. “Access to Electricity (% of Population) Data.” Retrieved December 1, 2019 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS

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